Despite this tragic event, the Tashkent Declaration was considered a great success of Soviet diplomacy in the settlement of international conflicts. The declaration was not well received in India. The agreement was approved by the Indian National Congress Party and the Communist Party of India, but opposition parties said the peace treaty had demoralized the country. The fiftieth anniversary of the Tashkent Declaration, an agreement ending hostilities between India and Pakistan, was celebrated on Sunday (January 10th). The declaration was signed in the Soviet Union after the mediation of Soviet diplomacy under the personal leadership of Alexei Kosygin, head of the Council of Ministers. This document is considered to be one of the best examples of the Soviet Union`s diplomatic mediation in world policy, even if the resulting peace did not last long. In India, the people also criticized the agreement because the Pakistani president and the Indian prime minister did not sign a guerrilla pact in Kashmir. After the day of this declaration, Prime Minister Lal Bahadur died on the day of a sudden heart attack. After him, no one accepted this statement, and it was ignored by the next government.
In 1965-66, the USSR played the role of peacemaker in the conflict between India and Pakistan. Prime Minister Alexei Kosygin mediated the last day of the 10 January 1966 meetings in Tashkent, where Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan signed a declaration formalizing the outcome of the peace negotiations. The document did not bring lasting peace to the belligerents, as the Kashmir conflict continues to this day. The unexpected death of the Indian head of state, the day after the signing of the declaration, cast a shadow over the event. Indecently, the capital of Uzbekistan still has Shastri Street, where a monument to the Indian guide stands. Indian delegations visit the site regularly; Prime Minister Narendra Modi visited him in 2015. An agreement signed by Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan in the Soviet city of Tashkent to end the Second Indo-Pakistan War on Kashmir. The two countries agreed not only to withdraw their troops from the territory of the other region and to recover their prisoners of war, but also to begin to normalize their diplomatic relations. Unfortunately, the beginning of Indo-Pakistani friendly relations was made more difficult by Shastri`s death a few hours after the signing of the agreement. The agreement has done little to ease the deep hostility between the two countries since independence in 1947 and did not prevent the outbreak of new hostilities in 1970. The agreement between India and Pakistan, which ended the largest military conflict over territorial disputes since World War II, was signed on 10 January 1966 in Tashkent, the capital of the Uzbek SSR at the time.
At the opening of the negotiations, the conflict between India and Pakistan seriously threatened the stability of the region. This conflict between two major regional powers threatened to degenerate into a much greater war with the participation of other states. India was threatened by China, which was then an ally of Pakistan. Beijing has accused Delhi of aggression. Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri and Pakistani President Ayub Khan met on 4 January 1966 in Tashkent. The two heads of state and government signed a pact called the Tashkent Declaration of 1966. Tashkent Agreement (January 10, 1966), signed by Indian Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri (died the next day) and Pakistani President Ayub Khan, which ended 17 days of war between Pakistan and India from August to September 1965. The UN Security Council reached a ceasefire in September.